Wednesday, September 28, 2016

ADAM SMITH: Goodman's Army and Navy Career

Oxonian George J. ("Jerry") Goodman,
author of The Money Game etc.
The late George ("Jerry") Goodman, aka "Adam Smith", was a Rhodes Scholar, initially at Brasenose College.  He died in 2014.

A couple of years before he died, Jerry sent me and others an email about his experiences in the Army and Navy. It is a classic story. I just ran across it again. I share it to show what a great life Jerry lived and what a great way he had with words.
There is an obituary in The New York Times for William J. Lederer, who died at 97 [in 2010]. He was an author famous in the 50s and 60s for The Ugly American and other books. I met Lederer in one of my Harvard writing courses, English K. I sat next to him. He was a Nieman Fellow, a one-year fellowship usually for newspapermen to spend a year at Harvard, but also for other special cases like Lederer. 
Lederer was a Navy career officer. He was great company. The real reason he was at Harvard was that he had been in command of the cruiser Augusta, at Newport News in Virginia. The squadron commander had told the Augusta to switch berths. No big deal, like getting another parking place. Lederer was asleep in his cabin when he felt a sudden, gentle nudge. The cruiser Augusta had run aground: its bow was in the mud. Lederer raced to the bridge in his underwear. He knew his Navy career was essentially over. Even though someone else had nudged the cruiser into the mud, if you are the captain of a ship, you are responsible for everything, so Lederer's Navy career was capped. 
He had graduated from the Naval Academy in 1936, so at that point he needed another four or five years to retire. The Navy let him stay, doing non-line jobs, like going to Harvard and hanging out with Jerry Goodman. Three years later, I was in the Army at the Special Forces Group in Fort Shafter, Hawaii. I was a private. I was walking down a street in Honolulu, when I heard, "Hey, Goodman!" It was Lederer. After we had a cup of coffee, Lederer said, "Boy, could I use you. Why don't you come and work with me?" Lederer was the Special Assistant to Admiral Felix Stump, CINCPAC. That is Commander in Chief, Pacific, a four star admiral. 
"Bill, I'm in the Army, not the Navy," I said. Bill said, "When you are CINCPAC you are commander of everything, and that includes the Army." He said, "I am the Special Assistant to the CINCPAC. I can make anything happen from Thailand to San Francisco."
So I went to Makalapa at Pearl Harbor, the big rock with CINCPAC deep inside. It was great. I helped Lederer craft speeches for Felix Stump, and I went to conferences and reported back. Stump chewed on a cigar, and wore a baseball cap, sometimes backwards.      
My security clearances went higher and higher: Secret, then Top Secret, then Q. I knew nobody would ever believe I had a Q clearance, so I actually took a duplicate cover sheet that said Q home with me. (I have the Top Secret one around Princeton somewhere).
I had to pass about five check points walking into Makalapa, but I wore this special badge, and the Marines would give me a salute like they were plucking and hurling an eyeball. CINCPAC sent me to a SEATO conference (the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization). 
I was very good at discussing the issues with the other colonels. After the first day, I told Lederer everybody in my group was a lieutenant colonel or colonel. Lederer took the insignia from the collar and replaced it with an ordinary, everyday dress one, the American eagle on a brass background. One day, an RAF wing commander said to me, "I say, Goodman, why does your eagle have a circle around it when none of the other colonels do?" 
It was one of the best times I had in the Army, because I wasn't really in the Army: nobody saying my rifle wasn't clean, nobody flipping a quarter on my bunk to see if it was so tight the quarter would bounce. And I knew I was doing a good job. What the hell, I had already been four years to Harvard and two to Oxford, and I could certainly expostulate as well as the colonels from Asian countries whose first language was not English. 
Eventually the Army squawked so much the Navy sent me back. I knew the Army was pissed off at having the Navy reach in and pull one of its privates, and why were his security clearances going higher and higher (so he could edit Admiral Radford's plan to drop 50 atomic bombs on China)? 
I knew the Army would take it out on me, so I asked Lederer to have the Admiral give me a ribbon or something. And he did. So at the Friday parade, the top sergeant had to read out this commendation letter from the CINCPAC. 
After the commander said "Dis...missed!" our sergeant said, "Goodman, while you were larking around with the Navy we painted all the barracks. We knew you wouldn't want to miss that, so we saved you some paint, some brushes, and two of the barracks, and you are going to spend the weekend painting them." I did. It was worth it, 100 times over. 
Lederer retired on a Navy pension and wrote other books, and after a couple of years, I lost touch with him. The bit about the cruiser Augusta running aground is not in the obituary. But if the Augusta had not run aground, Lederer would not have taken writing courses at Harvard, and he would have been just another Navy officer, and wouldn't have gotten the lead obituary in the The New York Times.

Tuesday, September 27, 2016

STARS: Douglas Arms in France (Updated May 30, 2018)

The Sibiville arms. The timing
makes sense only as influence
from Douglas to Sibiville. Vice 
versa would be of more interest. 
I have been searching for the origins of the stars in the Stars and Stripes. I have gotten as far as the Douglas and Moray coats of arms and Scottish ancestors of George Washington.

George Washington's ancestors got their name from the town of Washington in Durham County in the north of England. Washington is today a suburb of Newcastle in the metropolitan County of Tyne and Wear.

The gules (red) mullets and bars on the Washington arms are, I have asserted, a probable echo of and homage to the Douglas arms, with Scotland's St Andrew's azure (blue) switched by the English knight to England's St George's gules (red).

The first member of the Washington family to take the name Wessyngton/Washington was Sir William de Hertburn. One source says, with little backup, he was of French origin. Another says, with great detail, that he was of Scottish origin.

In late September 2016 I have been in France and have been hunting around among the étoiles in French coats of arms to see if the Douglas or Washington arms are connected with families in France. Heraldry was largely brought over from Normandy by William the Conqueror, and I thought that a search of French heraldry records might produce something useful. The only museum in France devoted exclusively to heraldry (science héraldique) is the Musée des Blasons in Saint Jean Devalériscle near Alès north of Montpelier. Rather than make this trip, I relied heavily on what is available in the Bibliothèque nationale de France and French heraldic websites.

Looking among the arms of the various communes in France, I find that 754 of them have étoiles in them. I have looked at each one of them and have picked out coats of arms that look like the Douglas or Washington arms. I am left with 30 coats of arms in my to-look-at list. I am mainly interested in the older arms of Douglas, i.e., a row of three argent (silver) stars in a row in chief (across the top), without the heart that was added after the death of the Good Sir James Douglas.

The connection could be interesting whichever way the influence goes, assuming there is a connection that is not just accidental:
  1. What would be most interesting would be a French commune that had a knight living in it with stars in his coat of arms. This could be a clue to why the Douglas (and Moray) arms include stars. The five-pointed silver stars are of special interest because these are the stars in the Douglas arms.
  2. Less interesting, the Douglas arms have been used by French communes as the basis for its arms because of some association of descendants of the Good Sir James Douglas. One such descendant – Archibald Douglas, the 4th Earl of Douglas – fought in France and in 1424 was given the title of Duc de Touraine (in the Tours region).
  3. There may be a common thread influencing both the emergence of the Douglas family and the commune.
I end up with three interesting groupings of Douglas-related arms by canton (county):
  • Ardennes (on the border with Belgium, east of Pas de Calais) – Amblimont, Doux and Lametz. 
  • Corrèze (interior southwest France, the Dordogne) – Beaumont (gold stars), Margerides (1986), St Remy and St Fereole.
  • Pas de Calais (northwest France near Belgium; Flanders territory) – Leulinghem (red stars and stripes) and Sibiville (post-Sir James Douglas heart included in the arms, so clearly the link is from Douglas to Sibiville). The Comtes de Douglas apparently had lived for generations as seigneurs of Sibiville in 1747.
Here are members of the Douglas family who have lived in France and whose existence might have been the reason for the Douglas stars in a commune coat of arms:

Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas, Duke of Touraine, buried with his son, Sir James Douglas in Saint Gatien's Cathedral, Tours, following the Battle of Verneuil 1424. Archibald was named Duke of Touraine before his death in 1424, in gratitude for the assistance to the future Charles VII of France by the Scottish army led by Archibald, killed at the Battle of Verneuil in August 1424.

Archibald Douglas, Earl of Wigtown (d. 1438), was awarded the title of Comte de Longueville along with his son William Douglas, 6th Earl of Douglas (d. 1440).  Known by French chroniclers as Victon (after Wigton), he also received the honorary title of Seigneurie (Lord) of Dun-le-Roi, a Marshal of France.

Other Douglases in France: 

Adam Douglas, governor of castle and town of Tours, 27 May 1424. He was a cousin of Archibald, 4th Earl of Douglas
Antoine Douglas, chevalier, seigneur de Richagnard en Bugey et de Ployart en Picardie, Governor of Montreal Chateau
Charles Archambault Douglas (Sir), Count of Suze, Captain King's Infantry Regiment
Charles Douglas, Lord of Arrancy–built Ferme du Maipas
Charles Guillaume Douglas (Captain), Drummond regiment 
Charles Joseph Douglas was appointed Governor of Saint-Claude in 1751.
Charles Joseph Douglas, Lord of Mépillat, Chiloup and Hautepierre acquired Montreal for 60,000 pounds 13 Apr 1757 
Charles, Comte de Douglas, syndic of the nobility of Bugey
d'Hortore Douglas (Captain) in the regiment de Languedoc
Francois-Prosper Douglas, Chevalier de Douglas, (21 Feb. 1725-26 April 1781)
Gabriel, Esquire, Lord of Saint-Jacques, c. 1668
Guillaume Douglas (c.1420), 
James Charles Douglas-Whyte, died 3 Apr 1885, Finistère, Bretagne, France
Jean Douglas (c1450), son of Guillaume, and Alain Douglas, son of Jean, Seigneur de Prastulo/Pratulot and Châteauneuf 
John Douglas, Esquire, Lord of Chateauneuf, c.1550
Joseph Hyacinthe Duglas Arrancy admitted knight justice to the priory of France, born Feb. 11, 1664, baptized May 26 1664 in the parish church of the diocese of Laon Arrancy.
Leonel, Esquire, Lord of Ployart, c. 1632.
Louis Douglas, Lord of Ployart, c. 1567.
Marc Douglas - Seigneur de Saint-Jacques, Seigneur de Longueuil, Seigneur d'Arrancy,  Seigneur de La Suze, Vicomte d'Amifontaine 
Oliver Douglas, Esquire, Lord & Ployart Arrancy of Picardy (?Lord of Ployart) c.1550
Olivier Douglas, died 1558, son of Gilles. 
Philippe Douglas, died 1763, 
Valentine Douglas OSB, appointed Bishop of Laon, France, in 1580, in which position he served until his death on 5 Aug 1598; he built the Chateaux d'errancy. 
William Douglas (Sir William) of Drumlanrig and William Douglas of Kinross helped Joan of Arc and were buried with a plaque in their memory in the nave of Orléans Cathedral Sainte-Crois. 

Related Posts: Oxford Stars

Tuesday, September 20, 2016

DOUGLAS: Two Questions

Coats of arms used by the Douglas (L) and Moray-
Murray Clans. Both are descended from a Flemish 
settler, Freskin, and both use three five-pointed 
silver (argent) stars on a blue (azure) field.
My quest for origins of the stars in the American Stars and Stripes led me to the Douglas and Murray families (clans) of Scotland

Their shields of white (argent) stars on a blue (azure) background are the closest approximation to the white stars on a blue field in the canton of the Stars and Stripes.

George Washington's ancestor William de Hertburn in 1183 acquired the Wessyngton/Washington property in Durham County, near the Scottish border. He was of Scottish ancestry. The Washingtons moved to Sulgrave Manor in Northamptonshire much later, in 1539.

My theory has been that the Washington arms were modeled on the Douglas arms with the tincture changed from blue (azure) to red (gules), as the Washington estate was on the British (red cross of St. George) side of the border.
Arms showing St Andrews saltire (white X on blue
field) and St George cross (red + on white field).

My two questions are:

1. Is the blue field in the canton of the Stars and Stripes derived from the blue field of the St. Andrew's saltire via the Douglas arms? 

2. What might have inspired the five-pointed stars in the Douglas arms?

Related posts:

Saturday, September 10, 2016

BLOG VIEWS: Sep 10, 2016–140K Views

On Sep 10 2016 this blog passed 140,000 page views.

Thank you for reading.

Here are the most-viewed posts in August 2016.

WW2: Why Wasn't Oxford Bombed? (Jun 22, 2016–16K Views)
Jun 8, 2013, 2 comments
HERALDRY: Douglas, Moray, de Vere (Updated June 1,...
Nov 23, 2014, 2 comments
HERALDRY: Oxford Stars (Updated May 15, 2016)
Nov 21, 2014, 2 comments
OXFORD COLLEGES: Top Six Fictional Sites (Updated...
Jul 2, 2016
HERALDRY: St Benet's Hall, Oxford (Updated Aug. 22...
Dec 5, 2015
ROWING BLAZERS: Ralph Lauren Launch, Carlson's Boo...
Sep 24, 2014
OXFORD-USA: Oct. 18–Oxons Create Mason-Dixon Line ...
Oct 18, 2015
HERALDRY: The College of Arms and Windsor Herald
Aug 15, 2015
COLLEGE ARMS: Oxford Shop (Updated July 6, 2016)
May 13, 2016
HERALDRY: St Edmund Hall, Oxford
Dec 2, 2015

VICE CHANCELLOR: NYC Talk, Sep. 8, 2016

My view of Louise Richardson during her
talk. She spoke about Oxford's leadership
in many fields of study.
I was pleased to be able to attend Vice Chancellor Louise Richardson's talk to Oxford Alumni/ae in New York City at the North American office.

The flavor of her talk may be derived from the Oxford facts-and-figures posted online. She is proud of the Times Higher Education rankings that put Oxford in first place among universities in certain areas, like medical education and life sciences.

I got a chance to talk with for a minute before she was whisked away to her next appointment.

She is the first woman to be elected Vice Chancellor in Oxford's 800-year unbroken chain of chief executives.

With Hillary Clinton (L) at St Andrew's.
Prof. Louise Mary Richardson is an expert on international security and terrorism. Richardson was born in Tramore, Co. Waterford, Ireland, and was educated at Trinity College, Dublin (B.A.), UCLA (M.A.) and Harvard (Ph.D. in Government).

As Principal of St. Andrews University, she was described last year by a student, commenting on the announcement of her nomination as Oxford's vice-chancellor, as a "kick-ass president" who will be greatly missed.

Previously she was executive dean of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard. In an interview with The Guardian about her nomination, Richardson said:
I look forward to the day when a woman being appointed isn’t in itself news. Unfortunately, academia like most professions is pyramid-shaped—the higher up you go the fewer women there are. 
One of her first priorities as vice-chancellor will be to admit a higher percentage of lower-income students. More than 40 percent of Oxford students attended private schools, and only 45 percent of undergraduates are women. Richardson said: My parents did not go to college, most of my siblings did not go to college. The trajectory of my life has been made possible by education. So I am utterly committed to others having the same opportunity I have had.

Lord Patten of Barnes, Oxford's Chancellor, supervised the process by which the new Vice-Chancellor was selected. Patten said of her:
The panel was deeply impressed by Professor Richardson's strong commitment to the educational and scholarly values which Oxford holds dear. Her distinguished record both as an educational leader and as an outstanding scholar provides an excellent basis for her to lead Oxford in the coming years.